Gold mining at Bendigo
The design on Australian one pound notes issued between 1913 and 1923 features a vignette of underground gold mining at Bendigo.
Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay
The painting featured on the reverse of the note is a reproduction of an Emanuel Phillips Fox painting from 1902 titled 'Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay, 1770'. In 1901 Phillips Fox was commissioned by the Trustees of the National Gallery of Victoria to paint a historical picture of Cook's landing at Botany Bay with funds from the Gilbee bequest. Phillips Fox travelled to England in 1902 to finish the painting. The painting is the result of this commission.
A distinctive feature of currency notes designed in the 1930's was the use of artwork by Frank Manley based on bas-relief panels originally designed by artist Paul Raphael Montford. These panels represented various sectors of the Australian economic life :
- Manufacturing – Ten shilling note
- Pastoral – One pound note
- Commerce – Five pound note
- Agriculture – Ten pound note
- Mining – Fifty pound note
- Dairying – One hundred pound note
Portraits of Charles Sturt and Hamilton Hume, who individually and then as a team, opened up our vast interior river systems for the rural community, shared the reverse of our One Pound note from October 1953.