One Hundred Dollar Banknotes
was born in Yorkshire on the 5th of May 1882, and came to Australia as a boy. In 1911 he was the leader of the first Australasian
Expedition to Antarctica. When he returned to Adelaide, he was knighted for his contribution to our scientific understanding
of Antarctica. He was to become the most famous Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. In 1929 and 1931 Mawson headed two
more voyages to the Antarctic.
He died at the age of 76 on the 14th of October 1958. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition is today regarded as one of the
greatest polar scientific expeditions of all times because of the detailed observations in magnetism, geology, biology and
meteorology that were made.
John Tebutt was born
at Windsor on the 25th May 1834. From the young age of eighteen, he slowly rose among the academic astronomical community, whose
personal stature was considered by many as their equal, and certainly as even more capable, than nearly all his fellow
Australian and international astronomers. In 1864 he built, with his own hands, a small observatory.
He died on the 29th November 1916 at the age of eighty-two, having produced more than 370 scientific papers.
Dame Nellie Melba
Helen Porter Mitchell
was born in Richmond, Melbourne on the 19th of May 1861, and went on to become the world's
finest operatic soprano of her time - with a vocal range spanning nearly three octaves. In 1886, her teacher, Mathilde
Marchesi introduced her to several famous French and Italian composers, including Puccini, to give a boost to her operatic
career and then persuaded the young singer to take a stage name that would easily remembered by the international audiences.
Helen (nicknamed 'Nellie') chose a name that would always remind her of her home city of Melbourne in
Australia - and that name was Melba.
She died in Sydney at the age of 69, on 23rd of February 1931, and was buried at Lilydale in Victoria.
The New York Times wrote in their epitaph to this great Australian soprano :
"Fortunate the generation that heard her, for we shall never hear her like again".
John Monash was born in West Melbourne
on the 7th of June 1865, and went on to become one of Australia's greatest military commanders. On the 12th of August 1918, Monash was
knighted on the battlefield by King George V, the first time a British monarch had honoured a commander in such a way in 200 years.
He was one of the principal organisers of the annual observance of ANZAC Day.
He died on 8th of October 1931, and it is estimated that 250,000 people attended his state funeral. Out of respect for his services to
education, Monash University in Melbourne was named after him in 1958. A fitting tribute for the soldier who preferred to be remembered
as a scholar and a builder. In a final sign of humility, despite his achievements, honours and titles, he instructed that his tombstone
simply bear the words "John Monash".